Social Studies Educational Excellence Expertise:
Students remember this mnemonic device to help you recall the three forms of citizen participation in government in Southwest Asia:
Olivia Ate Donuts==Oligarchy, Autocratic, Democracy
Citizen paricipation is determined by the manner and degree to which governments allow citizens to contribute to deciions. In an oligarchic system, there are a few (typically wealthy) people making decisions for the whole of the country. In an autocratic system, there is typcially one person (perhaps a king or queen) making decisions. and in a democratic system,citizens either make decisions through referendums or elect people to represent them in the decision making process.
This week, you will begin a study of governments of the Middle East. Within each region we study this year, there will be an opportunity to further develop knowledge, understanding, and ability to analyze and synthesize information related to governments. This is the first of three, as the Middle East is our first region of study. This is an area where various news sources will be handy in helping to understand various Middle East systems. The main focus will be on distinguishing citizen participation among government systems, distribution of powers among systems, and knowing the special features of Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia.
Thursday November 4- summative assessment on governments of the Middle East. A study guide will be provided on Monday November 1.
Standards this week:
SS7CG4:The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.
c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.
SS7CG5:The student will explain the structures of the national governments of Southwest Asia (Middle East).
a. Compare the parliamentary democracy of the State of Israel, the monarchy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the theocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.